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A statement of beliefs and values about human beings and their world is:

NR501 Theoretical Basis for Advanced Nursing Practice

Week 8 Quiz   

Question 1A statement of beliefs and values about human beings and their world is:

An assumption

 

A concept

 

 A hypothesis

 

 A philosophy

 

Question 2A set of logically interrelated concepts, statements, propositions, and definitions supported by data, testing, and verification to account for or characterize some phenomena is called:

 

An assumption

 

 A construct

 

 A model

 

 A theory

 

Question 3__________ is a theory that has been developed by another discipline (not nursing) but may be adapted to use in nursing and other fields

 

Borrowed theory

 

 Grand theory

 

 Middle range theory

 

No answer text provided.

 

 Question 4The most abstract and general component of the structural hierarchy of nursing knowledge is called:

 

A construct

 

 A metaparadigm

 

A model

 

No answer text provided.

 

 Question 5A theory that has been developed by a nurse to account for a phenomenon or concern related to nursing is:

 

A conceptual model

 

 A hypothesis

 

 A nursing theory

 

A worldview

 

 Question 6The nursing paradigm identifies four concepts of interest to the nursing profession. These four concepts are:

 

Concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions

 

 The person, health, environment/situation, and nursing

 

 The individual, groups, situations, and interests specific to nursing

 

 Description, explanation, prediction, and prescription of an interrelationship of nursing

 

 Question 7A group of theories that are broad in scope, complex, and provide broad and abstract views about nursing are called:

 

A grand theory

 

   A metatheory

 

A middle range theory

 

 No answer text provided.

 

 Question 8A group of theories that are more limited in scope, less abstract, reflect practice, and addresses a specific phenomenon are called:

 

A grand theory

 

A metatheory

 

 A middle range theory

 

No answer text provided.

 

Question 9 A central construct in nursing would be:

 

Caring

 

 Environment

 

 Health

 

 Person

 

  Question 10What do the following theories written by Watson, Swanson, Duffy, Boykin & Schoenhofer, and Hall have in common?

 

They focus on adaptation

 

  They focus on care and caring

 

 They focus on comfort of the person/client

 

 They focus on cultural care diversity and universality

 

 Question 11An example of a nursing theory would be:

 

Benner’s Novice to Expert theory

 

 Erikson’s developmental theory

 

 Lewin’s change theory

 

 Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory

 

 Question 12True or False: Concepts are words or phrases that refer to or describe a phenomenon.

 

True

 

 False

 

Question 13Nursing theory influences nursing practice by:

 

   Specifying actions or interventions to be provided

 

 Identifying which professional nurse should provide care

 

 Allowing for variation in provision of care

 

 Enabling professional nursing to practice in isolation of the healthcare team

 

Question 14Which type of nursing practice theory would a nurse be more likely to choose to manage specific situations or issues in the practice setting?

 

Mercer’s Maternal Role Attainment theory

 

Ruland & Morre’s Peaceful End of Life theory

 

 Lorig’s Chronic Disease Self-Management theory

 

All of the above

 

 None of the above

 

Question 15The nurse is caring for a client who is struggling with increased intracranial pressure. The nurse makes sure the client has water to drink, has voided recently, and the room is quiet and dark. Which theory is demonstrated here?

 

Orem’s self-care deficit theory

 

 Henderson’s need theory

 

 Kolcaba’s comfort theory

 

 Fawcett’s environmental theory

 

 Question 16Match the nursing theorist to their nursing theory.

 

Self-care defecit

 

Focus on interpersonal relationships

 

 Focus on goal attainment

 

 Focus on humanistic science of nursing

 

 General Systems Theory

 

 Question 17A nursing student in a graduate research course is exploring the reasons for using theory in nursing practice? Which statement represents the best answer(s) to this questions? Select all that apply.

 

Improving client outcomes

 

 Renewing and updating practice

 

 Enhancing quality of health care

 

 Advancing the image of nursing in society

 

 Giving direction to nurses to determine the effectiveness of interventions

 

 Question 18A nurse is working with a client who has gained weight and experienced increased blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels in response to caring for his wife who has Alzheimer disease. The effect of the spouse’s illness on the client is most related to which central concept of nursing?

 

nursing

 

person

 

 health

 

 environment

 

Question 19Match the theorist and the theory

 

Model of skill acquisition (Novice to Expert)

 

 Synergy model for patient care

 

 Theory of self-care and chronic illness

 

 Postpartum depression theory

 

Theory of caregiver stress

 

 Question 20Which assertion best describes the current state of evidence-based practice (EBP) in nursing?

 

   EBP in nursing has been fully realized and implemented.

 

EBP in nursing has been rejected in favor of other approaches.

 

 EBP in nursing is waning in emphasis and was never fully implemented.

 

 EBP in nursing is growing in emphasis, but its implementation is lagging behind.

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