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Fat contributes to the flavor of foods.

BIOL1322 Nutrition & Diet Therapy

Chapter 6 Quiz

Which of the following statements is true?

Multiple Choice

Fat contributes to the flavor of foods.

 

Food fat is not a source of essential nutrients.

 

Each gram of fat contributes 4 kcal.

 

Adding fat to a food reduces the food’s “mouth feel.”

 

 

 

A scientist has discovered a new molecular compound that is a long chain of 26 carbons bonded together, with a methyl group on one end and an acid group on the other end of the molecule. The compound does not contain any nitrogen or sulfur atoms. Based on this information, the compound is a(an) ________.

 

Multiple Choice

 

sterol

 

fatty acid

 

phospholipid

 

amino acid

 

 

 

Brett eats ________ to increase his intake of omega-3 fatty acids.

 

Multiple Choice

 

baked beans

 

whole-wheat bread

 

canned sardines

 

fresh strawberries

 

 

 

The body can make limited amounts of ________ acid from alpha-linoleic acid.

 

Multiple Choice

 

Eicosapentaenoic

 

oleic

 

hydrochloric

 

stearic

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following foods is a naturally rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids?

 

Multiple Choice

 

Corn oil

 

Raw carrots

 

Ground beef

 

Whole milk

 

 

 

________ acid is an omega-6 fatty acid.

 

Multiple Choice

 

Docosahexaenoic

 

Eicosapentaenoic

 

Linoleic

 

Alpha-linolenic

 

 

 

________ acid is an omega-3 fatty acid.

 

Multiple Choice

 

Stearic

 

Lauric

 

Eicosapentaenoic

 

Linoleic

 

 

 

Which of the following statements is true?

 

Multiple Choice

 

A fatty acid has a chain of carbons bonded to each other and to hydrogen atoms.

 

A fatty acid is a polymer of glucose molecules.

 

The omega end of a fatty acid molecule is the acid portion of the molecule.

 

Most fatty acids in food are water soluble.

 

 

 

Which of the following foods is a naturally rich source of monounsaturated fatty acids?

 

Multiple Choice

 

Walnuts

 

Avocado

 

Chicken

 

Milk

 

 

 

A chylomicron is a type of ________.

 

Multiple Choice

 

fatty acid

 

sterol

 

lipoprotein

 

phospholipid

 

 

 

Which of the following statements is true?

 

Multiple Choice

 

VLDLs transport most forms of cholesterol in blood to the liver for disposal.

 

All forms of LDL cholesterol are considered unhealthy, because they increase the risk of diabetes.

 

The cholesterol carried by oxidized LDL is taken up by certain arterial cells and deposited in plaque.

 

Hydrolyzed HDL is a toxic lipoprotein that contributes to cardiovascular disease.

 

 

 

Sarah consumes approximately 2000 kcal/day. According to recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, she should limit her saturated fat intake to fewer than ________ kcal/day.

 

Multiple Choice

 

200

 

450

 

250

 

350

 

 

 

Maria usually consumes about 2000 kcal/day. On average, her fat intake is approximately 90 g/day. Based on this information, which of the following statements describes Maria’s diet?

 

Multiple Choice

 

Maria’s fat intake is not high enough to support good health.

 

Maria’s fat intake is higher than the AMDR.

 

Maria’s fat intake is within the AI.

 

Maria’s fat intake meets the RDA for lipids.

 

 

 

Sari would like to compare amounts of polyunsaturated fat in two brands of canned tuna. She should read the ________ on each product’s label.

 

Multiple Choice

 

structure/functions claims 

 

Nutrition Facts panel

 

country of origin information

 

list of ingredients

 

 

 

Layla has a high risk of cardiovascular disease, because of her family history and ________.

 

Multiple Choice

 

high blood levels of LDL cholesterol

 

low blood pressure

 

European ancestry

 

physically active lifestyle

 

 

 

Which of the following characteristics increases a person’s risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)?

 

Multiple Choice

 

Asian ancestry

 

Higher than average intakes of calcium

 

Female sex

 

Type 2 diabetes

 

 

 

Having high blood levels of ________ may increase a person’s risk of CVD.

 

Multiple Choice

 

HDL

 

Homocysteine

 

tryptophan

 

aspartic acid

 

 

 

Chronic alcohol abuse increases the risk of ________ cancer.

 

Multiple Choice

 

skin

 

pancreatic

 

muscle

 

thyroid

 

 

 

Theresa drank 5 ounces of wine. This amount of wine has about as much alcohol as the amount that is in ________.

 

Multiple Choice

 

1 ounce of liquor

 

5 ounces of beer

 

3 ounces of liquor

 

12 ounces of beer

 

 

 

Women who are trying to become pregnant or are pregnant should ________.

 

Multiple Choice

 

limit their alcohol consumption to beer

 

avoid all forms of alcohol

 

mix distilled alcohol with fruit juice before consuming it

 

drink alcohol only with meals

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