11 Nov For this discussion post, explain how you played as a child.? Then, explain 2 different types of play described in this week’s PowerPoint.? ?what personal qualities you bring to group w
copy and past each
For this discussion post, explain how you played as a child.
Then, explain 2 different types of play described in this week's PowerPoint.
what personal qualities you bring to group work.
Half of all children have been stopped from climbing trees. 21% have been banned from running on the playground.
And 17% have been told they cannot take part in games of tag or chase.
Notice the red line on this tree….
Children are allowed to climb trees at this
preschool, but they cannot climb past the
red line. The teachers at this site told me
that this safety rule basically works too!
Supervised? OR Unsupervised? Clean? OR Messy? High Tech? OR Low Tech? Alone? OR Social? Indoors? OR Outdoors? Sedentary? OR Active? Safe? OR Risky? Adult Driven? OR Child Driven?
When I ask college students about their
most favorite childhood memories, a large
percentage of them raise their hands for
most everything stated in the right column
(unsupervised, messy, low tech, outdoors,
risky, etc. type of play)
Yet adults today often encourage children
to stay on the right column (supervised,
clean, high tech, indoors, safe, etc.)
This concerns me….
Play is universal and the most productive and enjoyable activity that children undertake.
Form of play changes with age and culture. Increasingly complex social play is due to
brain maturation coupled with many hours of social play.
• Are people of about the same age and social status
• Provide practice in emotional regulation, empathy, and social understanding
• Are preferred play partners over parents
There are three different types of physical play that children engage in during their preschool years:
2. Mastery and
3. Rough and Tumble.
Let’s look at the different types of PLAY that children participate in.
Bubble wrap and
Shaving cream balls
focuses on the
enjoyment of the sense
and motor skills.
Activities like fingerprinting
and digging in a sandbox
are examples of
because while they are
enjoyable activities for
children, they are also
stimulating the sense of
touch by allowing the
children to feel the sand
and the paint in the
Cutting with scissors
Using Buttons & Zippers
Playing with Balls
Going for walks
is a type of
• Involves physical contact • Looks aggressive • NO intention to harm • Contains expressions and gestures signifying
that the child is “just pretending” • Usually children have a “Play face” (everyone is
smiling/laughing as opposed to angry faces) • Is particularly common among young males • Advances children’s social understanding but
increases likelihood of injury. • “Teachers tend to discourage this type of
aggressive play but it is actually a socially interactive form of activity that usually involves children who know each other well and feel comfortable expressing this aggression towards each other. Therefore, it doesn't need to be discouraged, simply monitored.”
Super Heros & Power Rangers (mimics aggression)
Why do children engage in superhero play? What is the attraction of it?
Why are teachers challenged by it? Is banning Super Hero play the answer? What are the benefits of Super Hero play? What should the teachers/director role be?
What else can you do about it? Are there both boy and girl models?
Sociodramatic play relates to
Children make up stories and
objects in their play.
They are able to use symbolic
representation to imagine
objects, such as a block as a
cup, while engaging in play.
Symbolic representation is the knowledge that one thing can
represent another thing.
For example, a picture of a ball represents a real ball.
As children better understand symbolic representation, they play
becomes more advanced because socio-dramatic play involves
As they have a better understanding of this type of play, they
are not limited by their resources. For instance, if a plastic apple
is not available (to be a “real” apple), a child might use a
small ball to serve as the apple. They aren’t dependent upon
their resources. They can use their imagination and have
When a child represents objects without tangible objects, their
play is limitless!
Sociodramatic play enables children to: ◦ Explore and
rehearse social roles ◦ Explain ideas and
persuade playmates ◦ Practice emotional
regulation ◦ Develop self-
concept in nonthreatening context
Builds on pretending, which emerges in toddlerhood
Is characterized by increasing own gender preferences as children age from 2 to 6 years ◦ Boys: danger; violence
over evil ◦ Girls: domestic scenes
Advances theory of mind as children combine imagination with peers
Varies by culture and cultural norms
Is influenced by screen time
AAP guidelines ◦ Maximum of hour daily adult-supervised
screen time for preschoolers
◦ Screen time reduces conversation, imagination, and outdoor play
What do you see as benefits or disadvantages of having traditional gender roles?
What are some expectations society may have
for men and women?
◦Parents ◦Teachers ◦Peers ◦Media
From the Least Social to Most Social
Solitary play: A child plays alone, unaware of any other children playing nearby.
Onlooker play: A child watches other children play.
Parallel play: Children play with similar toys in similar ways, but not together.
Associative play: Children interact, observing each other and sharing material, but their play is not yet mutual and reciprocal.
Cooperative play: Children play together, creating and elaborating a joint activity or taking turns.
Uninvolved in play
May stand with the teacher
May watch children without verbally or physically interacting
Important stage for future play exploration and development.
Children simply watch
others play, but do not
engage in the activity or
Watches others play and talks to them regarding play
Gives input, but doesn’t join in
The child may talk to
the children who are
playing but does not
Plays independently and makes no effort to join others.
The child plays alone, unaware of or ignoring other children playing nearby.
May refuse others who want to join their play.
Content to be alone. Most commonly seen in
young toddlers. Teaches children how to
Side-by-side playing Plays with same or
similar toys or materials in similar ways, but not together
Does not share or cooperate with peers
No actual interaction Little or no conversation Does not try to influence
or join others Play beside, not with
Play at the same thing, but do not interact with one another.
Each child does what he/she wishes but is a part of a large group.
Children interact, observing each other, sharing materials, but play is not yet mutual and reciprocal.
Play is still independent; play is not coordinated with others play.
Conversation concerns the activity. Ex: “You build here.”
Plays with others Children genuinely play
together, creating and elaborating a joint activity or taking turns.
Children discuss plans and assign roles (dramatic play)
There are usually leaders (who direct the activity) and followers
A goal or storyline is established
• Elaborate games with rules are played
• Children enter
the world of organized sports
• Electronic devices are luring children
• Creativity is not encouraged • The amount of outdoor time is
declining rapidly • Safety issues and concerns • Over-emphasis on academics • Play spaces are decreasing
Ask any child what they did at school or with their friends. You will almost always get the same answer: “I played.”
If you visit a school, you might reach the same conclusion: “They’re just playing.”
Don’t be misled by that word: “Play.”
The children aren’t “just playing….”
(Why play is so very important)
Play helps a child develop:
How can and does play help children’s
development progress in
each of the domains?
Play is the primary vehicle for concept development and problem solving.
It stretches attention span
It builds vocabulary
Play provides opportunities for contact with multiple stimuli. It contributes to a large range of specific cognitive processes/skills.
It helps organize ideas and thoughts (In play a child always feels “I have an idea.”)
Language, Literacy and Communication ◦ Play has been found to accelerate communication
◦ Play fosters the three basic functions of language: communication, expression, and reasoning
◦ Symbolic play is related to understanding written language
Play is the young child’s emotional equalizer. Young children need something to help them with the realities of life and “play” does that job.
Play is a comforter. It helps them become stronger, more resilient.
Play helps turn young children into social beings.
They learn how to not be so bossy, selfish, or grabby…or too weak, mild, or shy.
Dramatic play helps them develop cooperative relationships and gain mutual understanding and trust.
Pretend play helps children form their personalities and develop social skills.
Outdoor play improves fitness
Play equipment can promote gross-motor skills Steps, balance beams, jump ropes, bean bag toss, hollow
blocks, strollers for dramatic play
Fine motor skills (finger dexterity) is enhanced by activities such as drawing, painting, working with playdough, building with Legos, etc.
Sensorimotor skills are also enhanced through play.
Coordinated movement such as kicking a ball
Leading scholars in early childhood education have all recognized that play is the basis of good early childhood practice.
Play is THE fundamental cornerstone for children’s development!
Space (that play needs at home and at school)
Materials (that let play flow easily, such as blocks, sand, clay,
paints, dolls, dress up clothes, balls, etc.)
Peers (agemates that make play richer)
and time to play!
So, we see that PLAY does enhance children’s development in all domains…BUT, the big question is
How do we support children’s play?
Press for standards and accountability is changing education and placing more demands on student accomplishment
Emphasis is being placed on the more easily measured domains of language and cognition, at the expense of the other three domains
Focus is on getting kids academically ready for the more rigorous curriculum in K-3
Current push toward early mastery of academic skills
“Swift and pervasive rise of electronic media”
Adults who lean &
HOW OUR WEBSITE WORKS
Our website has a team of professional writers who can help you write any of your homework. They will write your papers from scratch. We also have a team of editors just to make sure all papers are of
HIGH QUALITY & PLAGIARISM FREE.
To make an Order you only need to click ORDER NOW and we will direct you to our Order Page at WriteDen. Then fill Our Order Form with all your assignment instructions. Select your deadline and pay for your paper. You will get it few hours before your set deadline.
Deadline range from 6 hours to 30 days.
Once done with writing your paper we will upload it to your account on our website and also forward a copy to your email.
Upon receiving your paper, review it and if any changes are needed contact us immediately. We offer unlimited revisions at no extra cost.
Is it Safe to use our services?
We never resell papers on this site. Meaning after your purchase you will get an original copy of your assignment and you have all the rights to use the paper.
Our price ranges from $8-$14 per page. If you are short of Budget, contact our Live Support for a Discount Code. All new clients are eligible for 20% off in their first Order. Our payment method is safe and secure.
Please note we do not have prewritten answers. We need some time to prepare a perfect essay for you.