Chat with us, powered by LiveChat If you were to take the water and fat out of your body, 25% of the remainder would be protein. Answer: ??True ??False Question 2 If the brain is deprived of blood or oxygen for more t | WriteDen

If you were to take the water and fat out of your body, 25% of the remainder would be protein. Answer: ??True ??False Question 2 If the brain is deprived of blood or oxygen for more t

nutrition multi-part question

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?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 1 Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Question 1 If you were to take the water and fat out of your body, 25% of the remainder would be protein. Answer: ??True ??False Question 2 If the brain is deprived of blood or oxygen for more than 7 to 10 minutes, it will die. Answer: ??True ??False Question 3 The brain feeds on energy in the form of glucose. Answer: ??True ??False Question 4 Brain cells use 20% of all the glucose in the bloodstream for fuel. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 5 The way to ensure adequate glucose to the brain is to consume simple sugar foods. Answer: ?? True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 2 Question 6 There are approximately 50 different neurotransmitters, but the communication conducted between brain cells uses only about 10 major neurotransmitters Answer: ??True ??False Question 7 Drugs currently in medical or recreational use address the root of neurotransmitter problems. Answer: ??True ??False Question 8 Antidepressant drugs work by keeping more neurotransmitters in the synapse but do not increase the production of neurotransmitters Answer: ??True ??False Question 9 Greater transport into the brain of the relevant amino acids, vitamins and minerals augments nourishment of the brain when there are less-than-adequate neurotransmitter levels. Answer: ??True ??False Question 10 All major neurotransmitters are made from amino acids and from dietary protein. Answer: ??True ??False Question 11 There is no correlation between ADD and hyperactive children and low levels of neurotransmitters. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 3 Question 12 Megadosing can restore the brain chemistry overnight. Answer: ??True ??False Question 13 The blood-brain barrier makes it difficult for the brain to absorb the large nutrients needed for delivery to other organs and tissues. Answer: ??True ??False Question 14 Tyrosine is the amino acid precursor of noradrenaline, adrenaline and dopamine. Answer: ??True ??False Question 15 GABA and glutamine help those with problems of concentration and ADD. Answer: ??True ??False Question 16 B12 is essential to convert all amino acids. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 17 The dopa-receptor sites control the firing of anxiety-related messages at the cortex. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 4 Question 18 Tyrosine is an essential amino acid. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 19 Valine is a nonessential amino acid. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 20 Essential amino acids must be obtained from the diet. Answer: ??True ??False Question 21 The fraction of free amino acids in the body is 10%. Answer: ??True ??False Question 22 Some nonessential amino acids become conditionally essential amino acids under certain circumstances (infancy, illness, stress, etc.). Answer: ??True ?? False Question 23 Any time a person undergoes prolonged periods of stress, anxiety, depression or grief, they require more amino acids, some more than others. The reason for the different requirements is biochemical individuality. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 5 Question 24 Alanine is a nonessential amino acid. Highest concentrations of alanine are found in the bones. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 25 In recent years research demonstrates arginine as very beneficial for both men and women for sexual enhancement. Answer: ??True ??False Question 26 Arginine provides materials available for herpes replication. Answer: ??True ??False Question 27 It is recommended to take arginine and other amino acids with meals. ? Answer: ??True ??False Question 28 Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are unique because the brain uses them directly as a source of energy. Answer: ??True ??False Question 29 The branched-chain amino acids decrease the rate of amino acid and protein breakdown. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 6 Question 30 The ingestion of only one branched-chain amino acid (BCAA), particularly valine, decreases the plasma-tissue levels of leucine and isoleucine. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 31 The researchers concluded that the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) improved athletic performance, enabled the athletes to remain more focused, reduced fatigue, and allowed more strenuous exercise. Answer: ??True ??False Question 32 Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) have no effect on weight loss. Answer: ??True ??False Question 33 Sufficient amounts of niacin, Vitamins B6, C and iron are necessary to produce carnitine from lysine and methionine. Answer: ??True ??False Question 34 The major sources of carnitine in the diet from vegetables and grains. Answer: ??True ??False Question 35 An important role of carnitine is converting stored body fat into energy, energizing the heart, reducing angina, controlling hypoglycemia, and is beneficial with diabetes, liver disease, and kidney disease. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 7 Question 36 Dosages for carnitine are 500 to 1,000 mg per day. Answer: ??True ??False Question 37 Carnitine has no known adverse interactions with any drug or nutrient and can be combined synergistically with Q10. Answer: ??True ??False Question 38 Cysteine builds proteins, such as those in hair, and also helps destroy harmful chemicals in the body such as acetaldehyde and free radicals produced by smoking and drinking. Answer: ??True ??False Question 39 There is no correlation between the utilization of B6 and cysteine. Answer: ??True ??False Question 40 Diabetes is a contraindication for the use of cysteine. Answer: ??True ??False Question 41 Of all the brain synapses, 20 to 30% of the synapses contain GABA. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 8 Question 42 GABA inhibits cells in the nervous system from firing, diminishing the anxiety-related messages from reaching the cortex. Answer: ??True ??False Question 43 Pure GABA in 375 or 750 mg doses can mimic the tranquilizing effects of Valium or Librium without the possibility of addiction. Answer: ??True ??False Question 44 B6 and calcium are GABA?s most important partners. Answer: ??True ??False Question 45 Elevated levels of glutamic acid may be present in some schizophrenics, epileptics and patients with gout. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 46 Glutamine provides a major alternative fuel source for the brain with high blood sugar levels. Answer: ??True ??False Question 47 Glutamine?s most important function is strengthening the immune system. Answer: ?? True ?? False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 9 Question 48 In cancer patients, glutamine reduces the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Answer: ??True ??False Question 49 Glutamine helps the gut to heal and makes the intestines less permeable. Answer: ??True ??False Question 50 Glutamine is the only growth amino acid. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 51 Glutamine, GABA, and glycine, along with Vitamin B6, represent the major inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain. Answer: ??True ??False Question 52 IQ can be increased by intake of glutamine, ginkgo and Vitamin B6. Answer: ??True ??False Question 53 Three thousand to 4,000 milligrams of glycine daily will stop the craving for alcohol and decrease the craving for sweets. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 10 Question 54 A normal diet high in meat, chicken and eggs will provide sufficient glutamine. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 55 Glycine can be used as a sweetener and can help trigger brain cells to fire electric charges and speed learning. Answer: ??True ??False Question 56 Histidine in a proper balance with arginine helps suppress the herpes virus. Answer: ??True ??False Question 57 Lysine is necessary for the maintenance of the myelin sheaths of nerves. Answer: ??True ??False Question 58 Methionine can be a detoxifying agent assisting the removal from the body of heavy metals such as lead. Answer: ??True ??False Question 59 Patients with a history of mania or bipolar disorder can safely use S-AdenosylMethionine (SAMe). Answer: ?? True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 11 Question 60 The formation of thyroid hormones requires phenylalanine. Answer: ??True ??False Question 61 The natural way to normalize the brain levels of norepinephrine is with supplementation of tyrosine or phenylalanine. Answer: ??True ??False Question 62 Proline, a nonessential amino acid, is synthesized from glycine in the presence of folic acid and B6. Answer: ??True ??False Question 63 The nonessential amino acid serine is required for the formation of collagen, but Vitamin C must be present. Answer: ??True ??False Question 64 Taurine, the most concentrated amino acid in the heart, modulates heart muscular contractility and rhythms. Answer: ??True ??False Question 65 Taurine and magnesium levels drop dramatically whenever heart arrhythmias occur. Answer: ?? True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 12 Question 66 Threonine has been proven helpful in patients with tics, twitches or spastic conditions Answer: ??True ??False Question 67 A deficiency of taurine is associated with the retina of the eye, often leading to blindness. Answer: ??True ??False Question 68 In some depressed patients, supplementation of 1 gram of methionine lifts depression. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 69 Tryptophan is a precursor of serotonin. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 70 Hyperactive children have a high level of serotonin. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 71 Tryptophan has been shown to effectively solve insomnia problems. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 13 Question 72 A nonessential amino acid, tryptophan is among several precursors for serotonin. Answer: ??True ??False Question 73 An English study revealed that tryptophan was just as effective as the laboratory-produced antidepressant drug in the treatment of depression. Answer: ??True ??False Question 74 5-HTP, or 5-hydroxytryptophan, has replaced tryptophan which is no longer available in the market. Answer: ??True ??False Question 75 Tyrosine, an essential amino acid, is known as the stress amino acid and has been demonstrated to be an effective antidepressant for relief of depression. Answer: ??True ??False Question 76 B6 serves as a catalyst for the enzymes in the body and without it we could not digest amino acids, carbohydrates and fats. B6 is necessary Answer: ??True ??False Question 77 Evidence shows no correlation between B6 and the progression of diabetic complications. Answer: ??True ??False
IW-403 – Enzyme, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids Course Exam Part 2 ?? 2011 IQUIM ? All Rights Reserved Page 14 Question 78 Pyridoxal 5? Phosphate is the biological form of B6. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 79 Magnesium is known as the stress mineral and is an essential cofactor in over 300 enzyme reactions in the body. Answer: ??True ??False Question 80 Just as calcium is required for muscle relaxation, magnesium is essential for muscle contraction. Answer: ?? True ??False Question 81 The recommended daily value for magnesium is 200 mg. Answer: ?? True ??False
IW?403?Enzyme,?Vitamins,?Minerals?and?Amino?Acids?Course?Exam?Part?1????2011?IQUIM???All?Rights?Reserved???1.?Protein,?carbohydrates,?fats,?vitamins?and?minerals?are?the?construction?workers?of?the?body.???a.?True??b.?False????2.?Enzymes?have?the?energy?to?perform?the?biochemical?and?physiological?reactions?that?occur?in?all?living?things.???a.?True??b.?False????3.?Enzymes?have?the?energy?to?perform?the?biochemical?and?physiological?reactions?that?occur?in?all?living?things.???a.?True??b.?False????4.?The?fluid?inside?the?cells?(intracellular?fluid)?accounts?for?two?thirds?of?the?total?body?water.???a.?True??b.?False????5.?There?is?a?correlation?between?not?readily?digesting?protein?and?acquiring?symptoms?of?musculoskeletal?dysfunction?such?as?osteoporosis,?herniated?discs,?bursitis,?and?leg?cramps.??a.?True??b.?False????6.?Dr.?Loomis?found?the?missing?link?for?providing?consistent?results?in?clinical?nutrition?with?the??food?enzyme?concept.???a.?True??b.?False????7.?Blood?work?is?helpful?because?the?body?is?required?to?maintain?the?blood?within?normal?limits?for?as?long?as?possible.???a.?True??b.?False????8.?By?the?time?the?physical?signs?of?nutrient?deficiency?are?evident,?the?damage?has?already?been?done.???a.?True??b.?False???
?9.?The?only?possible?means?of?identifying?nutritional?needs?for?enzymes?is?blood?tests.???a.?True??b.?False????10.?Hippocrates,?the?father?of?medicine,?believed?that?all?diseases?begin?in?the?stomach.???a.?True??b.?False????11.?Eijkman?recognized?that?another?dietary?essential?besides?carbohydrates,?fats,?proteins?and?minerals?was?essential?to?life?(vita?in?Latin)?and?introduced?the?term?vitamines?to?describe?it.???a.?True??b.?False????12.?Failure?to?form?an?essential?enzyme?or?other?cellular?components?results?in?malfunction?or?death?of?a?cell.?This?process?eventually?results?in?a?specific?physical?symptom?of?ill?health.???a.?True??b.?False????13.?Today?we?have?a?vast,?complex,?and?rapidly?expanding?knowledge?of?more?than?20?nutrients?that?must?be?supplied?in?the?diet???a.?True??b.?False????14.?Iatrogenic?nutrition?is?nutritional?disease?resulting?from?treating?a?patient?with?drugs,?surgery,?or?therapeutic?diets.???a.?True??b.?False????15.?The?first?vitamin,?Vitamin?C,?was?discovered?in?1930.??a.?True??b.?False????16.?Names?like?Royal?Lee,?Adelle?Davis,?and?Linus?Pauling?gave?us?a?glimpse?of?the?profound?idea?that?nutrition?should?be?used?to?prevent?illness?and?disease?as?opposed?to?medicine,?which?seeks?to?cure?disease?once?it?is?found.??a.?True??b.?False????17.?The?use?of?symptomatology?as?a?methodology?in?practicing?the?art?of?nutritional?supplementation?has?lead?to?reproducible?results.??a.?True??b.?False??
18.?Nutritional?questionnaires,?now?that?they?have?been?computerized,?bring?us?back?full?circle?to?symptomatology.???a.?True??b.?False????19.?Nutritional?objectivity?means?that?we?should?attempt?to?apply?specific?nutritional?remedies?to?the?population?as?a?whole?as?magic?bullets?for?symptoms.???a.?True??b.?False????20.?In?his?book,?You?Are?Extraordinary,?Roger?Williams,?Ph.D.,?said,??There?is?no?average?person!?We?as?individuals?cannot?be?averaged?with?other?people.????a.?True??b.?False????21.?Instead?of?finding?a?remedy?for?a?clinical?symptom?entity?that?will?be?beneficial?for?everybody?(one?word),?we?should?concentrate?our?efforts?on?finding?the?solution?for?every?body?(two?words).???a.?True??b.?False????22.?Howard?Loomis?states?that?healing?is?a?science.???a.?True??b.?False????23.?Individual?nutrients?can?be?matched?to?specific?physiological?dysfunctions?for?the?entire?population.??a.?True??b.?False????24.?The?term?homeostasis?is?used?by?physiologists?to?mean?maintenance?of?static?or?constant?conditions?in?the?internal?environment.??a.?True??b.?False????25.?The?response?of?the?body?to?stress?was?described?by?Hans?Selye?as?the?general?adaptation?syndrome.??a.?True??b.?False????26.?The?body?enters?a?state?of?adaptation?once?the?tissue?becomes?fatigued?due?to?a?lack?of?support?from?related?tissues?or?organs,?nutrition,?or?waste?removal,?or?because?the?stimulus?is?simply?too?strong.??a.?True??b.?False??
27.?Attempts?at?healing?should?be?directed?toward?relieving?the?stress?and?providing?nutrients?for?the?body?to?use?in?its?defense.?Such?efforts?would?unquestionably?fall?within?the?province?of?nutrition.???a.?True??b.?False????28.?The?role?of?nutritional?supplementation?is?to?meet?the?increased?needs?of?stressed?organs.???a.?True??b.?False????29.?Disease?could?be?defined?as?the?inability?of?the?body?to?maintain?a?constant??normal??environment?against?the?various?stimuli?or?challenges?that?are?presented?to?it.???a.?True??b.?False????30.?The?missing?link?discovered?by?Edward?Howell?in?the?1930s?in?the?progression?from?health?to?exhaustion?and?disease?was?enzyme?nutrition.???a.?True??b.?False????31.?Stephan?Blauer?states?that?Howell?s?conclusion?is?that??many,?if?not?all,?degenerative?diseases?that?humans?suffer?and?die?from?are?caused?by?the?excessive?use?of?enzyme?deficient?cooked?and?processed?foods.???a.?True??b.?False????32.?Dr.?Weston?Price?found?that?the?natural?indigenous?diets?of?are?deficient?in?enzymes?and?amino?acids.???a.?True??b.?False????33.?Dr.?Francis?Pottenger?(1932)?studied?more?than?900?cats?for?over?ten?years?and?found?that?only?diets?containing?raw?milk?and?raw?meat?produced?optimal?health.???a.?True??b.?False????34.?Improved?diet?and?good?digestion?cannot?prevent?chronic?degenerative?diseases???a.?True??b.?False????35.?The?simplest?structural?unit?into?which?a?complex?multicellular?organism?can?be?divided?and?still?retain?the?functions?characteristic?of?life?is?the?mitochondria??a.?True??b.?False??
36.?The?reproductive?cells?can?be?classified?in?categories?based?on?the?function?they?perform.??a.?True??b.?False????37.?Organs?can?be?classified?into?eight?organ?systems.???a.?True??b.?False????38.?The?ten?organ?systems?exist?only?to?provide?an?internal?environment?and?act?as?a?life?support?system?for?each?of?the?body?s?individual?cells.???a.?True??b.?False????39.?The?term?internal?environment?(milieu?intérieur)?was?introduced?by?the?physiologist?Walter?Cannon.??a.?True??b.?False????40.?The?internal?environment?is?a?body?fluid?compartment?and?exists?as?a?specific?anatomical?entity?known?as?the?extracellular?fluid?(ECF).?It?is?from?this?fluid?that?the?cells?receive?oxygen?and?nutrients?and?into?which?they?excrete?wastes.???a.?True??b.?False????41.?Your?health?is?very?much?dependent?on?the?price?being?paid?by?the?body?to?maintain?a?constancy?of?the?volume,?temperature,?pH,?and?solute?concentrations?in?the?extracellular?fluid?(ECF).???a.?True??b.?False????42.?The?environment?that?surrounds?the?cell,?which?is?the?extracellular?fluid,?represents?40%?of?body?water.??a.?True??b.?False????43.?The?total?body?water?represents?70%?of?the?total?body?weight.???a.?True??b.?False????44.?The?blood?chemistry?is?the?answer?because?the?body?has?already?lost?the?struggle?by?the?time?the?blood?test?is?beyond?normal?limits.??a.?True?b.?False????
45.?Enzymes?are?removed?from?our?food?to?prolong?the?food?s?shelf?life.??a.?True??b.?False????46.?The?contents?of?the?blood?and?the?interstitial?or?intercellular?fluid?are?identical???a.?True??b.?False????47.?The?body?has?two?major?control?systems?for?maintaining?homeostasis:?the?autonomic?nervous?system?and?the?endocrine?(or?hormonal)?system.?Both?of?these?systems?receive?signals?and?direction?from?the?pineal?gland.???a.?True??b.?False????48.?We?can?only?complain?about?three?basic?areas?of?symptoms:?skin,?muscle,?and?organ.???a.?True??b.?False????49.?The?pituitary?is?the?only?part?of?the?brain?that?is?not?protected?by?the?blood?brain?barrier.??a.?True??b.?False????50.?The?hypothalamus?secretes?hormones?(called?releasing?and?inhibitory?factors)?that?control?the?secretion?of?the?hormones?of?the?posterior?pituitary?gland.???a.?True??b.?False????51.?The?liver?secretes?somatomedian?to?stimulate?bone?growth.??a.?True??b.?False????52.?The?body?has?two?main?systems?with?which?to?control?and?integrate?its?various?organs?and?tissues?to?maintain?homeostatis.?With?the?first?being?the?endocrine?system,?the?second?of?these?is?the?autonomic?nervous?system.???a.?True??b.?False????53.?Carbohydrates?act?in?the?formation?of?hormones,?enzymes?and?antibodies.???a.?True??b.?False?????
54.?Enzymes?contained?in?raw?foods?can?digest?soluble?fiber.???a.?True??b.?False????55.?Fat?acts?as?a?carrier?for?fat?soluble?vitamins?A,?D,?E,?and?K.???a.?True??b.?False????56.?Vitamins?are?inorganic?food?substances???a.?True??b.?False????57.?Three?percent?of?the?human?body?weight?is?mineral?matter.??a.?True??b.?False????58.?Enzymes?must?be?left?in?food?in?order?to?prolong?shelf?life.??a.?True??b.?False????59.?Enzymes?are?currently?considered?essential.???a.?True??b.?False????60.?Studies?done?with?thousands?of?subjects?taking?a?prescribed?amount?of?beta?carotene?every?day?for?several?years?found?that?concentrated?doses?of?beta?carotene?not?only?did?not?prevent?cancer,?but?in?many?subjects?they?increased?the?occurrence?of?cancer.???a.?True??b.?False????61.?Any?time?that?you?take?a?chemical?out?of?a?food,?be?it?beta?carotene?or?some?other?nutrient,?and?concentrate?it?into?a?very?large?dose?and?feed?it?to?human?beings,?you?create?deficiencies?of?the?thing?that?you?took?out.???a.?True??b.?False????62.?Despite?the?fact?that?food?enzymes?do?not?appear?on?the?list?of?U.S.?Recommended?Daily?Allowances,?they?are?essential?nutrients.???a.?True??b.?False????
63.?Enzymes?must?be?left?in?food?in?order?to?prolong?shelf?life.???a.?True??b.?False????64.?Vitamin?and?mineral?supplementation?is?wasted?unless?there?is?an?adequate?supply?of?the?appropriate?enzyme?to?utilize?them.???a.?True??b.?False????65.?Coenzyme?deficiencies?produce?chronic?degenerative?changes,?while?food?enzyme?deficiencies?produce?acute?symptoms.???a.?True??b.?False????66.?It?takes?60?to?90?minutes?for?the?stomach?to?concentrate?enough?stomach?acid?to?reduce?the?resting?pH?of?the?stomach?from?between?5.0?and?6.0?down?to?3.0.a???a.?True??b.?False????67.?Pancreatic?enzymes?spare?the?body?s?own?digestive?resources.??a.?True??b.?False????68.?Food?enzymes?work?in?a?pH?range?between?6.0?and?9.0.???a.?True??b.?False????69.?The?word?enzyme?comes?from?the?Greek?en,??in,??and?zyme,??digester.????a.?True??b.?False????70.?Enzymes?are?proteins?secreted?by?cells?that?act?as?catalysts?to?induce?chemical?changes?in?other?substances?without?undergoing?change?themselves.???a.?True??b.?False????71.?Dr.?Howell?presented?evidence?to?show?that?enzymes?eventually?do?wear?out?as?they?are?discarded?by?the?body.??a.?True??b.?False????
72.?Proteins?are?digested?when?enzymes?break?the?peptide?bonds?and?add?a?molecule?of?water?to?the?broken?ends.??a.?True??b.?False????73.?Nonorganic?substances?may?be?considered?sources?of?enzymes.???a.?True??b.?False????74.?Protein,?carbohydrates,?fats,?fibers,?vitamins,?and?minerals?have?the?capacity?to?do?work.???a.?True??b.?False????75.?Cofactors?or?coenzymes?are?relatively?small?inorganic?compounds?that?are?required?for?the?activity?of?many?enzymes.??a.?True??b.?False????76.?The?metal?ions?most?frequently?used?as?enzyme?activators?are?magnesium,?manganese,?zinc,?potassium,?iron,?copper,?calcium,?cobalt,?and?molybdenum.??a.?True??b.?False????77.?All?known?enzymes?have?been?classified?into?five?fundamental?groups?based?on?the?types?of?reactions?they?catalyze.??a.?True??b.?False????78.?One?of?the?most?important?properties?of?enzymes?is?their?specificity???that?is,?their?catalytic?effect?is?limited?to?a?single?kind?of?molecule,?or?to?a?relatively?small?group?of?related?molecules.???a.?True??b.?False????79.?Enzymes?do?not?make?it?through?the?stomach?without?being?destroyed.???a.?True??b.?False????80.?The?effectiveness?of?the?enzymes?depends?on?three?important?determinants:?the?temperature,?the?concentration?of?the?substrate,?and?the?pH?of?the?solution.??a.?True??b.?False?????
81.?Proteases?hydrolyze?nucleic?acid.???a.?True??b.?False????82.?Amylase?digests?cellulose.??a.?True??b.?False????83.?Cellulase?digests?the?group?of?microorganisms?known?as?fungi/yeasts.???a.?True??b.?False????84.?Glucoamylase?digests?starch?or?complex?carbohydrates.??a.?True??b.?False????85.?Disaccharidases?digest?the?simple?sugars?that?are?found?in?dairy?products,?grains,?and?in?white?sugar?and?flour.???a.?True??b.?False????86.?Reduced?or?absent?lactase?activity?results?in?lactose?intolerance.??a.?True??b.?False????87.?The?function?of?digestion?is?to?reduce?food?particles?from?their?combined?form,?in?long?chained?molecules,?to?their?smaller?basic?components.??a.?True??b.?False????88.?Carbohydrate?digestion?is?very?similar?to?protein?digestion?in?reducing?the?chains?down?to?individual?monosaccharides.???a.?True??b.?False????89.?In?fat?digestion?the?action?of?bile?is?not?necessary?to?expose?the?bonds?to?allow?lipase?to?hydrolyze?them.???a.?True??b.?False????90.?Each?raw,?uncooked?fruit,?vegetable,?or?meat?contains?enzymes?that?will?digest?the?food?in?which?they?are?contained.???a.?True??
b.?False????91.?Temperatures?above?130?degrees?Fahrenheit?destroy?the?enzymes?found?in?our?food.???a.?True??b.?False????92.?All?enzymes?require?the?presence?of?water,?the?proper?temperature,?and?correct?pH?range?in?order?to?work,?and?those?conditions?are?present?in?the?mouth?and?saliva.???a.?True??b.?False????93.?Howell?proved?by?autopsy?weights?that?cattle?fed?a?diet?poor?in?naturally?occurring?food?enzymes?had?a?smaller?pancreas?per?percentage?of?body?weight?than?cattle?that?were?allowed?to?graze?in?pastures.??a.?True??b.?False????94.?Digestion?begins?in?the?stomach.??a.?True??b.?False????95.?Studies?conducted?at?the?University?of?Illinois?and?Northwestern?University?have?shown?that?as?much?as?45%?of?ingested?carbohydrates?can?be?digested?after?the?first?15?minutes.??a.?True??b.?False????96.?Hydrochloric?acid?digests?food.???a.?True??b.?False????97.?The?pH?of?the?intestine?is?slightly?on?the?acidic?side?to?make?enzymes?work.??a.?True??b.?False????98.?Pancrea?c?enzymes?predigest?food?as?food?enzymes?do.???a.?True??b.?False????99.?The?pancreas?hypertrophies?when?it?consistently?cannot?supply?all?the?enzymes?needed?to?digest?the?diet.??a.?True??b.?False??
100.?The?stomach?does?not?produce?cathepsin.???a.?True??b.?False????101.?Cellulase?comes?from?the?mouth.???a.?True??b.?False????102.?There?are?no?enzymes?in?liver?bile.??a.?True??b.?False????103.?Protease?is?secreted?from?the?sublingual?glands?to?initiate?fat?digestion.???a.?True??b.?False????104.?Amylase?is?secreted?from?the?parotid?glands?and?breaks?down?carbohydrates?into?smaller?molecules.???a.?True??b.?False????105.?Most?people?past?the?age?of?40?will?require?a?much?longer?period?(over?45?minutes)?for?acid?to?be?formed?and?begin?its?digestive?work?in?the?stomach.???a.?True??b.?False????106.?Before?the?stomach?even?begins?its?own?digestive?processes,?10%?of?ingested?protein?can?be?digested?within?15?minutes.??a.?True??b.?False????107.?Food?enzymes?work?in?the?pH?zone?of?6.0?to?9.0.???a.?True??b.?False????108.?The?major?role?of?hydrochloric?acid?is?to?activate?pepsinogen.???a.?True??b.?False??????
109.?Gastric?acid?can?kill?all?the?bacteria?that?enter?along?with?food.???a.?True??b.?False????110.?The?ingredients?for?hydrochloric?acid,?namely?hydrogen?(H+)?and?chloride?(Cl?)?come?from?the?stomach.??a.?True??b.?False????111.?When?a?person?needs?antacids?for?indigestion,?it?is?because?the?stomach?produces?too?much?acid.???a.?True??b.?False????112.?Secretin?and?cholecystokinin?are?important?because?they?carry?information?regarding?the?amount?of?undigested?protein,?carbohydrate,?and?fat?that?is?in?the?chyme.???a.?True??b.?False????113.?The?more?pre?digestive?work?that?was?done?in?the?stomach,?the?more?work?the?pancreas?is?required?to?do.??a.?True??b.?False????114.?Pancreatin?can?only?be?active?in?an?acidic?environment.???a.?True??b.?False????115.?The?digestion?of?fat?in?the?small?intestine?requires?special?processes?to?emulsify?these?molecules.?This?is?brought?about?by?a?group?of?detergent?molecules?known?as?bile?salts.??a.?True??b.?False????116.?There?are?digestive?enzymes?in?the?bile???a.?True??b.?False????117.?The?pre?digestion?of?protein?in?the?stomach?by?plant?enzymes?creates?acidity?by?breaking?the?amino?acid?bonds?and?releasing?acid?molecules,?thus?improving?the?flow?of?bile.??a.?True??b.?False????
118.?The?microvilli?are?small?fibers?in?the?wall?of?the?jejunum?that?produce?lactase,?mal

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