Part 1: Serving Vulnerable Populations
Imagine you are a community health nurse assigned to care for a family with a newly diagnosed type-2 diabetic member. The diabetic family member, JK, is a 66-year-old Black woman with hypertension and asthma. JK lives in a food desert and does not drive. JK’s family visits her weekly, but they have complicated lives and are unable to provide daily care for her.
Evaluate the following community health resources and summarize them in a table:
- United States Department of Agriculture:
- Food Access Research Atlas
- Food Access Research Atlas Map
- Characteristics and Influential Factors of Food Deserts
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
- A Systematic Review of Food Deserts, 1966-2007
- Small Food Stores and Availability of Nutritious Foods: A Comparison of Database and In-Store Measures, Northern California, 2009
- Data & Statistics
Create a plan detailing opportunities for JK to gain adequate access to appropriate foods for one week and address the following:
- Appropriate and realistic estimated budget
- Shopping locations
- Transportation means, routes, and timing
- Support services
Compare JK’s community to your county census data.
Format your assignment as a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes.
Part 2: Disease Prevention Teaching Project
Step 1: Choose a community health agency (day care, church, school, clinic, homeless shelter).
Step 2: Review Table 1-1 (p. 49) of Community/Public Health Nursing and the results of your windshield survey completed in Week 2.
From the results of your windshield survey, you will identify a health issue facing the community. You will prepare an outline for a teaching project surrounding the issue, which you would present to your selected agency about this issue.
Assess the community for:
- Healthy food option
- Housing and zoning
- Open space
- Social service centers
- Stores, businesses, and industries
- Street people and animals
- Condition of the area
- Race, culture, and ethnicity
- Health indicators and morbidity
- Signs of decay
- Crime rate
- Employment rate
- Environmental factors
- Public services (fire, police)
Step 3: Recommend an appropriate disease prevention teaching project that could be offered by your chosen agency for the local community.
Prepare a 750-word summary of the teaching project with the following:
- Summarize the public health issues facing the selected community.
- Select 1 issue and prepare an outline of the problem or issue faced.
- Explain how your selected agency could address the issue.
- Prepare an outline of a disease prevention teaching project that could be offered by your agency.
>EVALUATE COMMUNITY RESOURCES-(ACCOMPLISHED)- The table summary fully evaluated resources from the United States Department of Agriculture (Food Access Research Atlas, Food Access Resource Atlas Map, Characteristics and Influential Factors of Food Deserts) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (A Systematic Review of Deserts, 1966-2007, Small Food Stores and Availability of Nutritious Foods, Health Statistics).
>PLAN DEVELOPMENT-(ACCOMPLISHED)- The plan fully detailed opportunities for JK to gain adequate access to appropriate foods, including an appropriate and realistic estimated budget; shopping locations; transportation means, routes, and timing; and support services.
>CENSUS COMPARISON-(ACCOMPLISHED)- The plan fully compared JK’s community to the county census data.
>COMMUNITY HEALTH ISSUE-(ACCOMPLISHED)- A health issue facing the community is fully identified.
>TEACHING PROJECT OUTLINE-(ACCOMPLISHED)- The teaching project outline fully evaluated the community for healthy food options; boundaries; housing and zoning; open space; commons; transportation; social services centers; stores, businesses, and industries; street people and animals; condition of the area; race, culture, and ethnicity; religion; health indicators and morbidity; politics; media’ signs of decay; crime rate; employment rate; schools; environmental factors; and public services (fire, police).
>SUMMARY OF TEACHING-(ACCOMPLISHED)- The summary fully described the public health issues facing the selected community; outlined one problem or issue faced by the community; explained how the selected agency could address the issue; and outlined a disease prevention teaching project that could be offered by the selected agency.