Last week, you saw how a single factor such as parental substance use can have significant effects on the biological development of a child. The way in which a parent/caregiver interacts with the child can also have lasting effects—this time, psychological. A caregiver’s warmth, presence, attentiveness, communication, parenting, and disciplinary styles all contribute to the child’s understanding of themselves and their place in the environment. Child abuse can not only harm a child physically but can also disrupt psychological development. However, with every child abuse claim, it is important to consider cultural aspects that may be at play.
Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity. Click the weekly resources link to access the resources.
· Review the Learning Resources on psychological development. Refer to last week’s media piece on theories of human development.
· Explore the Hernandez Family case in the Social Work Case Studies interactive media in the Learning Resources.
BY DAY 3
Post your initial response to the case:
· Describe two potential risks of Juan and Elena Hernandez’s disciplinary style on the psychological development of their children.
· Identify one theoretical perspective (e.g., Piaget or Erikson) that can be used to explain the children’s developmental stage. How does this theory apply to the Hernandez children and to the potential impact of the parents’ disciplinary style?
Please use the Learning Resources to support your response.
BY DAY 6
Respond to two colleagues by describing an intervention that could be used to address the impact to development described. Please use the Learning Resources to support your response.
· Zastrow, C. H., Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hessenauer, S. L. (2019). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (11th ed.). Cengage Learning.
· Chapter 3, “Psychological Development in Infancy and Childhood” (pp. 95–158)
· Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, April 3). Adverse childhood experiences (ACES) Links to an external site. . https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/aces/index.html
· Finkelhor, D. (2020). Trends in adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in the United StatesLinks to an external site. . Child Abuse & Neglect, 108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104641
· National Pediatric Practice Community on Adverse Childhood Experiences. (n.d). Pediatric ACEs and related life events screener Links to an external site. . https://www.acesaware.org/pdf_wrapper/pearls-tool-child-parent-caregiver-report-identified-english-rev-7-26-22/
· Download and use the PEARLS tool – Child (Parent – Caregiver Report) for the Assignment.
· Walden University, LLC. (2021). Social work case studies Links to an external site. [Interactive media]. https://waldenu.instructure.com
· Navigate to the Hernandez Family