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What is the sociological imagination? Discuss how sociological imagination can help understand social behavior.

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

Week 1 Discussion

What is the sociological imagination? Discuss how sociological imagination can help understand social behavior.

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 2 Discussion

 

What are the advantages and limitations of the major research designs? Provide an example of a social group situation that you believe would be best studied by each type of design. Explain your selection.

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 3 Discussion

 

Have you ever experienced culture shock when visiting (or moving to) a different culture? If so, describe the differences in nonverbal communication, norms, and values of which you were aware. How did your experience help you to understand your own culture better?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 4 Discussion

 

What are some of the major agents of socialization? Which do you think most influenced you?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 5 Discussion

 

How would you define a group? Explain the difference between primary group and secondary group. Explain the difference between in-group and out-group.

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 6 Discussion

 

Why do we define some acts as deviant? What makes an act deviant? Who determines whether an act is deviant? How do conflict and functional theories explain how an act becomes defined as deviance?

 

 

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 7 Discussion

 

Using the sociological perspective of your choice, how might you explain the widening income inequality gap in the United States and around the world?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 8 Discussion

 

Imagine what life would be like if you had been born as another race, ethnicity, or gender, but with the same skills and knowledge that you now have. Would you have the same friends? What would your job prospects be like? What other differences would you expect simply because of a change in race/ethnicity? Why would you expect anything to change?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 9 Discussion

 

The United States has never had a female president. Nations throughout the world have had powerful queens and elected leaders. How might you explain the fact that the United States has never elected a woman to be president?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 10 Discussion

 

We think of the “traditional family” as husband, wife, and two kids, with the wife staying home to raise the kids. Yet, this family pattern has not been the norm for most societies or for most of U.S. history. Why do we call this the traditional family? What benefits and costs are associated with this type of family?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 11 Discussion

 

What is the hidden curriculum in education? What is credentialism? How does credentialism impact us?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 12 Discussion

 

Contrast the views of religion taken by Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx. Clarify the distinction Emile Durkheim made between the sacred and the profane.

 

 

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 13 Discussion

 

Think about laissez-faire capitalism and communism as opposite end points on a continuum. Why are these opposites? What economic systems are somewhere in between these two extremes? What kind of economy does the United States have? How does this affect our way of life?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 14 Discussion

 

Why is the environment considered a part of sociology? What effects does the environment have on societies?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Week 15 Discussion

 

New social movements are defined as movements that address values, social identities, and improvements in the quality of life. If you had the ability to mobilize resources to create a new social movement to promote or oppose social change, what social change would your movement address? Why and how?

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Assignment 1

 

Refer to Chapter. 1 to review the three major sociological perspectives.

 

Use all three perspectives (functionalism, conflict and interactionism) to analyze any current issue:

 

Write a 700- to 1,000-word essay in which you complete the following:

 

Pick a social issue.

 

(Global warming, terrorism, gender roles, personal branding, science and technology, utopian society, economy, leadership, discrimination, relationships, health, gun control, immigration, disabilities, minimum wage, abortion, cohabitation, etc.).

 

Give a brief introduction that identifies the issue you have chosen and why.

 

Describe in three separate paragraphs how each perspective would view or explain the issue.

 

Include elements of culture and how humans learn, develop, and become integrated into society.

 

Provide a conclusion that discusses which perspective you think is most applicable to the issue or how the three perspectives complement one another in understanding the issue.

 

Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.

 

Submit your assignment to the Assignment tab.

 

Late assignment will not be accepted.

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Assignment 2

 

Answer the following questions in 100 to 150 words each:

 

 1. What is social interaction? What are the elements of social structures? How does this apply to your everyday life?

 

 2. What are the functions of social institutions? How do you see this applied in your life?

 

 3. What influence does mass media have? Frame your answer using sociological perspectives.

 

 4. What is social control? How is social control enforced? What are the different sociological perspectives on deviance?

 

 Format your assignment according to APA

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Assignment 3

 

Select a television program or a movie that you know contains a social inequality or social class theme (e.g. racism, sexism, social class categories).

 

Prepare a 10- to 12-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint®  presentation.

 

Include photos, illustrations, graphs, diagrams, animations, videos, or audio clips. Document the source of each media item you include.

 

Discuss the following in your presentation:

 

Provide a brief introduction that includes the program’s title, describes the type of program, and explains which social theme you are addressing.

 

Describe and explain scenes that apply to the social theme.

 

Aside from verbal language, identify all observed body language, facial expressions, gestures, posture stances, modes of dress, nonverbal cues, symbols, and any other means by which inequalities are displayed.

 

Explain your interpretation of the meanings of the identified nonverbal communications and symbolism.

 

Summarize how these interpretations are important to the sociological understanding of your chosen social inequality or social class theme.

 

Provide a conclusion that summarizes the key points in your analysis.

 

Format your references according to APA guidelines. Include citations in the speaker notes or in a separate reference list.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Midterm Exam

 

Question 1The term sociology was coined by:

 

  Adam Smith

 

  Herbert Spencer

 

  Karl Marx

 

  August Comte

 

 Question 2Which theory is closest to the work of early sociologists Emile Durkheim?

 

  None listed here

 

  Symbolic-interactional

 

  Structural-functional

 

  Social-conflict

 

 Question 3The conflict theory draws attention to:

 

  How people interacting construct meaning

 

  The stable aspect of society

 

  How elements contribute to the overall operation of society

 

  Patterns of social inequality

 

 Question 4Which of the following people had an important influence on the development of the social-conflict paradigm?

 

  Karl Marx

 

  Emile Durkheim

 

  Herbert Spencer

 

  Talcott Parsons

 

 Question 5What term refers to any changes in a subject’s behavior caused by the awareness of being studied?

 

  The Hawthorne effect

 

  Unreliable response

 

  The Stanford effect

 

  Invalid response

 

 Question 6A smaller number of people used to represent an entire population is called a:

 

  Sampling frame

 

  Sample

 

  Closed-format group

 

  Target group

 

 Question 7What is shared beliefs, values, and practices that participants must learn?

 

  Morals

 

  Race

 

  Ethnicity

 

  Culture

 

 Question 8What is the disorientation that people feel when they encounter cultures radically different from their own?

 

  Ethnocentrism

 

  Culture Shock

 

  Counter Culture

 

  Cultural Relativism

 

 Question 9Who is known as the founder of psychoanalytic theory?

 

  Lawrence Kohlberg

 

  Jean Piaget

 

  Sigmund Freud

 

  George Herbert Mead

 

 Question 10Which of these are agents of socialization?

 

  Friends

 

  All listed here

 

  Peer Group

 

  Family

 

 Question 11Which of the following is the most important primary group in any society?

 

  Family

 

  The Peer Group

 

  Media

 

  The Work Group

 

 Question 12What is a social position conferred at birth?

 

  Status symbols

 

  Master Status

 

  Ascribed Status

 

  Achieve Status

 

 Question 13.Joan, is an excellent artist, but finds she cannot devote enough time to her family. She is experiencing:

 

  Role conflict

 

  Role ambiguity

 

  Role strain

 

  Role exit

 

 Question 14Select the sociological term for the recognized violation of cultural norms

 

  Juvenile delinquency

 

  Deviance

 

  Crime

 

  Legal infraction

 

 Question 15A behavior that violates official law and is punished through formal sanctions is:

 

  Property

 

  Uniform Crime Report

 

  Violence

 

  Crime

 

 Question 16What is the term for crime committed by persons of high social position in the course of their occupations?

 

  Organized crime

 

  Violation of civil law

 

  Victimless crime

 

  White-collar crime

 

 Question 17Society’s categorization of its people into ranking of socioeconomic tier based on factors like wealth income, race, education, and power refers to:

 

  Economic changes

 

  Standard of living

 

  Social stratification

 

  Status consistency

 

 Question 18The idea that social inequality is harmful and divides society is associated with the:

 

  Social-exchange

 

  Social-conflict

 

  Structural-functional

 

  Symbolic-interaction

 

 Question 19A caste system is defined as:

 

  Social stratification based on ascription or birth

 

  Social stratification based on personal effort

 

  Social stratification based on achievement

 

  A social system in which categories of people are equal

 

 Question 20In Karl Marx’ analysis another name for the capitalist class is the:

 

  Bourgeoisie

 

  Nobility

 

  Aristocracy

 

  Proletariat

 

 

 

SOCI1301 Introduction to Sociology

 

Final Exam

 

Question 1Ethnicity describes shared:

 

  religion

 

  any of the listed answers

 

  language

 

  beliefs

 

 Question 2Which theoretical perspective stress the important of regulating sexual behavior to ensure marital cohesion and family stability?

 

  Conflict theory

 

  Symbolic Interactionalism

 

  Functionalism

 

  Queer Theory

 

 Question 3Women being married to more than one man at the same time is called:

 

  polygamy

 

  polyandry

 

  monogamy

 

  polygyny

 

 Question 4A child who associate his line of descent with his father’s side only is part of a ____ society.

 

  matrilineal

 

  patrilineal

 

  matrilocal

 

  bilateral

 

 Question 5A family composed of married parent and children is called:

 

  a consanguine family

 

  an extended family

 

  a nuclear family

 

  a family of affinity

 

 Question 6Which socialist perspective most emphasizes the ways in which religion helps to maintain social inequality within a society?

 

  Feminist perspective

 

  Conflict theory

 

  Functional

 

  Symbolic interactionalist

 

 Question 7It refers to those aspects of life that are extraordinary or supernatural

 

  Profane

 

  Sacred

 

  Secularization

 

  Animism

 

 Question 8Emile Durkheim pointed to three societal function of religion. Which of the following is NOT one of them?

 

  providnig social control

 

  fostering social conflict

 

  providing meaning and purpose

 

  fostering social cohesion

 

 Question 9Karl Marx believed that religion:

 

  treats existing society as secular and corrupt

 

  undermines the power of the state

 

  reinforces that unequal economic status quo

 

  focuses life on the present rather than the future

 

 Question 10Polytheism refers to:

 

  belief that all things in the world are sacred

 

  acceptance of many religions as true

 

  belief in many gods

 

  openness to new religious experience

 

 Question 11Education is the social institution by which society provides people with important knowledge, including:

 

  job skills

 

  basic facts and information

 

  cultural norms and values

 

  all are correct

 

 Question 12The most basic manifest function of education is

 

  transmitting knowledge

 

  transmitting culture

 

  maintain social control

 

  serving as an agent of change

 

 Question 13Capitalism is an economic system in which there is:

 

  government control of production

 

  private ownership of property

 

  pursuit of collective interests

 

  all are correct

 

 Question 14The study of the size, composition, distribution, and change in human population

 

  Emigration

 

  Mortality rate

 

  Demography

 

  Infant mortality rate

 

 Question 15Thomas Robert Malthus believed that:

 

  the world could sustain an ever-larger population

 

  industrialization would reduce the birth rate

 

  population increase would bring chaos to the world

 

  the key to limiting population increase is birth control

 

 Question 16Fertility rate refers to:

 

  life expectancy for a nation’s population

 

  a measure of population growth through reproduction

 

  the maximum number of children a woman can have

 

  the incidence of childbearing in a nation’s population

 

 Question 17The incidence of death in a population

 

  Mortality

 

  Population Composition

 

  Migration

 

  Population Growth

 

 Question 18The study of human population and their impact on the natural world

 

  Social environment

 

  Social biosphere

 

  Social problem

 

  Social ecology

 

 Question 19Social Movement is:

 

  have passed the industrial era

 

  an organized collective activity to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society

 

  have yet to industrialize

 

  continue to maintain their traditions

 

 Question 20In addition to social movement, social change is also caused by technology, social institutions, population and _____.

 

  the environment

 

  modernization

 

  new social movement

 

  social structure

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