Chat with us, powered by LiveChat When researching cognitive psychology, which of the following are used: | WriteDen

When researching cognitive psychology, which of the following are used:

When researching cognitive psychology, which of the following are used:

Question 1 options:

 

 Normal brains

 

 Abnormal brains

 

 Computers

 

 All of the above

 

Question 2 Wundt’s Leipzig school believed consciousness to be the result of what type of processing?

 

Question 2 options:

 

 Top-down

 

 Bottom-up

 

 Circular

 

 Conceptually-driven

 

Question 3 Early behaviorists emphasized the importance of

 

Question 3 options:

 

 Consciousness

 

 Thinking

 

 Objectivity

 

 Physics

 

Question 4 The information about a match or mismatch between a desired end and an existing state is called

 

Question 4 options:

 

 Goal-directed achievement

 

 Matching hypothesis

 

 Cognitive titration

 

Question 5 Turing believed that

 

Question 5 options:

 

 Computers could think

 

 Computers were smarter than humans

 

 Computers were tools that input, stored, and manipulated information

 

 Computers should technically be considered unintelligent

 

Question 6 Three of the following are true. What is NOT an assumption commonly made by the cognitive approach to psychology?

 

Question 6 options:

 

 Answers to basic empirical questions can be given in terms of information processing models

 

 Cognitive capacities can differ between individuals

 

 Cognition can only be understood with reference to stimuli and response (S-R)

 

 Cognitive psychology tends to focus on the individual rather than on cultural or societal factors.

 

Question 7 You are at a holiday party with many family and friends. Even though there are many conversations, and it is noisy all around you, you are able to focus on the discussion with your interlocutor. This is due to the

 

Question 7 options:

 

 Face-name mnemonic

 

 Auditory reflex

 

 Cocktail party effect

 

 Cochlear cilia

 

Question 8 Studies wherein subjects listen to different stimuli in each ear in order to determine how well one could attend to and remember the stimuli in each ear is called ________.

 

Question 8 options:

 

 Echoic memory

 

 Broadbent task

 

 Parallel processing

 

 Dichotic listening

 

Question 9 _____ occurs in time, whereas _____ occurs in space

 

Question 9 options:

 

 Audition; Vision

 

 Vision; Audition

 

 Cognition; Perception

 

 Perception; Cognition

 

Question 10 Perceiving something without being aware of it can be tested using ______; perceiving something without attending to it can be tested using _____.

 

Question 10 options:

 

 Masking research; dichotic listening research

 

 Dichotic listening research; masking research

 

 Semantic research; episodic research

 

 Episodic research; semantic research

 

Question 11 A patient only eats food from the right half of a plate. What can you infer from this?

 

Question 11 options:

 

 There has been damage to the frontal lobe of the brain

 

 There has been damage to the occipital lobe of the brain

 

 There has been damage to the left lobe of the brain

 

 There has been damage to the right lobe of the brain

 

Question 12 Deutsch and Deutsch (1963) claim that:

 

Question 12 options:

 

 Messages receive greater amounts of processing if they are attended to

 

 All messages receive the same amount of processing whether they are attended to or not

 

 Attended information must receive at least sufficient processing to activate relevant semantic memories

 

 Only one message can be attended to at a time

 

Question 13 People analyze information from their senses using

 

Question 13 options:

 

 Perception

 

 Stimuli

 

 Attention

 

 Sensation

 

Question 14 When you see an X on a piece of paper, you perceive this as two strait lines crossing in the middle. This is what Gestalt psychologists call

 

Question 14 options:

 

 Law of impressions

 

 Law of proximity

 

 Law of good continuation

 

 Law of closure

 

Question 15 When we say that an apple can be eaten, a bowl can hold things, and a box can contain things, this is what is referred to as

 

Question 15 options:

 

 Characteristics

 

 Affordances

 

 Resonances

 

 Primitives

 

Question 16 The ventral stream in visual processing . . .

 

Question 16 options:

 

 Projects to regions of the brain that appear to be involved in pattern discrimination and object recognition

 

 Projects to regions of the brain that appear to be involved in the analysis of information involved in the position and movement of objects

 

 Projects to parts of the brain primarily involved in face recognition

 

 Projects to parts of the brain involved in line and edge detection

 

Question 17 The constructivist approach describes perception as

 

Question 17 options:

 

 Top-down

 

 Bottom-up

 

 Data-driven

 

 Detail-oriented

 

Question 18 Which of the following makes within-category distinctions?

 

Question 18 options:

 

 Objects

 

 Faces

 

 Emotions

 

 Templates

 

Question 19 People are ______ capable of identifying familiar than unfamiliar faces when there is a change in pose or hairstyle.

 

Question 19 options:

 

 Equally

 

 More

 

 Less

 

 Research has been inconclusive

 

Question 20 What type of errors were most commonly made in Young et al’s (1985) study of everyday errors in face recognition?

 

Question 20 options:

 

 Difficulty retrieving full details of a person

 

 Person unrecognized

 

 Decision problems

 

 Person misidentification

 

Question 21 Research indicates that person _____ information is retrieved before person ______ information.

 

Question 21 options:

 

 Identity; name

 

 Name; identity

 

 Sequential; parallel

 

 Parallel; sequential

 

Question 22 Identifying a person, and identifying an emotional expression, use what kind of routes?

 

Question 22 options:

 

 Dorsal routes

 

 Ventral routes

 

 Separate routes

 

 Overlapping routes

 

Question 23 Recognizing someone without being aware of recognizing them is called

 

Question 23 options:

 

 Covert recognition

 

 Autonomic recognition

 

 Unconscious recognition

 

 Repressed recognition

 

Question 24 Perceptually-oriented processing is more likely with ____, whereas semantic processing is more likely with _____.

 

Question 24 options:

 

 Faces; objects

 

 Objects; faces

 

 Words; sentences

 

 Sentences; words

 

Question 25 Let’s say that you learn about many types of bias in your Cognitive Psychology class. One bias in particular, the hindsight bias, really resonates with you because you recognize it in yourself. You find that, when tested on all of the biases, you remember more about the hindsight bias than the other types of bias. This is due to the

 

Question 25 options:

 

 Ego involvement effect

 

 Self-bias effect

 

 Own-bias effect

 

 Self-reference effect

 

Question 26 Studies of HM revealed the importance of the hippocampus in . . .

 

Question 26 options:

 

 Forming new memories

 

 Remembering old memories

 

 Personality development

 

 Balance

 

Question 27 Which of the following is considered to be part of declarative memory?

 

Question 27 options:

 

 Priming

 

 Facts

 

 Classical conditioning

 

 Procedural abilities

 

Question 28 When any memory is initially formed, it must first be encoded in

 

Question 28 options:

 

 Emotional memory

 

 Procedural memory

 

 Episodic memory

 

 Semantic memory

 

Question 29 Which two theories of memory are based on the importance of the relationship between encoding and retrieval?

 

Question 29 options:

 

 Transfer appropriate processing and encoding specificity

 

 Threshold process and relative distinctiveness

 

 Dual process and familiarity-based theory

 

 Single process signal detection theory and dual process signal detection theory

 

Question 30 When unconscious memory, or memory without awareness, is being examined, what types of tests are used?

 

Question 30 options:

 

 Intentional memory tests

 

 Exceptional memory tests

 

 Explicit memory tests

 

 Implicit memory tests

 

Question 31 We process and manipulate information in what type of memory?

 

Question 31 options:

 

 Long term memory

 

 Episodic memory

 

 Working memory

 

 Procedural memory

 

Question 32 Which of the following are synonymous?

 

Question 32 options:

 

 Short term memory and working memory

 

 Short term memory and long-term memory

 

 Working memory and long-term memory

 

 None of the above

 

Question 33 Think about your childhood bedroom. Picture where the bed, the windows, and the furniture were.  For this task, you are primarily using your

 

Question 33 options:

 

 Phonological loop

 

 Visuo-spatial sketchpad

 

 Central executive

 

 Occipital lobe

 

Question 34 When you are reading a book, or listening to a book on tape, the same system is used. Which system is this?

 

Question 34 options:

 

 Phonological loop

 

 Visuo-spatial sketchpad

 

 Controlling executive

 

 Cerebellum

 

Question 35 When you are intending to stop by the grocery store after work (less common event), but find yourself accidentally and automatically driving straight home instead (more common event), this is due to a failure of [the]

 

Question 35 options:

 

 Working memory

 

 Procedural memory

 

 Supervisory Attentional System

 

 Central workspace

 

Question 36 Which of the following memorization tasks is most predictive of being able to learn foreign language vocabulary?

 

Question 36 options:

 

 Word-word pairs (two real words paired together)

 

 Word-nonword pairs (a real word paired with a nonword)

 

 Both are equally predictive

 

 Neither are predictive since different processes are used

 

Question 37 If you wanted to figure out what steps a person goes through when solving a problem, or what the person’s thought process was, you would employ

 

Question 37 options:

 

 Protocol analysis

 

 Verbal analysis

 

 Cognitive analysis

 

 Freudian analysis

 

Question 38 If you think that a hammer can only be used to pound nails, and cannot conceive of other ways it can be used, you are illustrating the concept of

 

Question 38 options:

 

 Insight

 

 Internal representation

 

 External representation

 

 Functional fixity

 

Question 39 When using analogies to solve problems without any additional hints or clues, subjects do better when there are

 

Question 39 options:

 

 Surface similarities

 

 Structural similarities

 

 Blatant similarities

 

 Verbal similarities

 

Question 40 When solving a problem, experts in a subject matter, as compared to novices, tend to

 

Question 40 options:

 

 Work backward, beginning with the end goal and working backward to the information given

 

 Work forward, beginning with the information given and using that to work toward the end goal

 

 Work backward and forward simultaneously to discover a solution

 

 Use the method of insight

 

Question 41 _____ theories of decision-making define the ideal decision whereas _____ theories of decision-making characterize how decisions are actually made.

 

Question 41 options:

 

 Normative; descriptive

 

 Descriptive; normative

 

 Problem-solving; judgment

 

 Judgment; problem-solving

 

Question 42 People may experience loss aversion in part due to the

 

Question 42 options:

 

 Gambling effect

 

 Possession effect

 

 Probability effect

 

 Endowment effect

 

Question 43 In making judgments, once a hypothesis is formed based on early information, later conflicting information tends to be disregarded. This is called the

 

Question 43 options:

 

 Disregarding effect

 

 Inertia effect

 

 Conservation effect

 

 Edwards effect

 

Question 44 Linda is afraid to fly because she hears about planes going down “all the time.” Linda is suffering from the

 

Question 44 options:

 

 Representativeness heuristic

 

 Availability heuristic

 

 Anchoring and adjustment heuristic

 

 Framing heuristic

 

Question 45 Bill is at a conference for accountants at a luxury resort in Las Vegas. The hotel is full of accountants, but there are other guests vacationing there too. Bill rides the elevator with a muscular man in workout clothes. He comments, “You aren’t here for the accountant’s conference, are you?!” The man replies, “Yes I am. I am just going for a workout after my last seminar.”  What fallacy did Bill fall prey to?

 

Question 45 options:

 

 Representativeness heuristic

 

 Availability heuristic

 

 Anchoring and adjustment heuristic

 

 Framing heuristic

 

Question 46 What type of reasoning do we use when we come to a conclusion based on things we assume, or things we believe?

 

Question 46 options:

 

 Parallel reasoning

 

 Logical reasoning

 

 Deductive reasoning

 

 Inductive reasoning

 

Question 47 Is the following syllogism true or false–

 

All A are B

 

All B are C

 

Therefore, All C are A

 

Question 47 options:

 

 True

 

 False

 

 Question 48 What is the most common form of reasoning?

 

Question 48 options:

 

 Parallel reasoning

 

 Logical reasoning

 

 Deductive reasoning

 

 Inductive reasoning

 

Question 49 A professional baseball pitcher wears his “lucky socks” for every game, believing them to be a factor in his success. This illustrates a(n)

 

Question 49 options:

 

 Illusory correlation

 

 Transitory correlation

 

 Psychological correlation

 

 Low IQ

 

Question 50 An “a-ha” moment, or gaining sudden insight into a problem, is a form of

 

Question 50 options:

 

 Parallel reasoning

 

 Ambivalent reasoning

 

 Deductive reasoning

 

 Inductive reasoning

HOW OUR WEBSITE WORKS

Our website has a team of professional writers who can help you write any of your homework. They will write your papers from scratch. We also have a team of editors just to make sure all papers are of 
HIGH QUALITY & PLAGIARISM FREE.

Step 1

To make an Order you only need to click ORDER NOW and we will direct you to our Order Page at WriteDen. Then fill Our Order Form with all your assignment instructions. Select your deadline and pay for your paper. You will get it few hours before your set deadline.
 Deadline range from 6 hours to 30 days.

Step 2

Once done with writing your paper we will upload it to your account on our website and also forward a copy to your email.

Step 3
Upon receiving your paper, review it and if any changes are needed contact us immediately. We offer unlimited revisions at no extra cost.

Is it Safe to use our services?
We never resell papers on this site. Meaning after your purchase you will get an original copy of your assignment and you have all the rights to use the paper.

Discounts

Our price ranges from $8-$14 per page. If you are short of Budget, contact our Live Support for a Discount Code. All new clients are eligible for 20% off in their first Order. Our payment method is safe and secure.

Please note we do not have prewritten answers. We need some time to prepare a perfect essay for you.