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Which of the following structures undergoes the most physiological changes during a menstrual cycle?

BSC2089 Human Anatomy and Physiology II

 Module 9 Quiz    

•  Question 1

Which of the following structures undergoes the most physiological changes during a menstrual cycle?

 

1.            Endometrium

 

2.            Myometrium

 

3.            Vagina

 

4.            Mons pubis

 

•  Question 2 Female sex hormones are produced in the uterus and ovary.

 

True

 

False

 

•  Question 3 Which of the following statements is true of the female reproductive system?

 

1.            The clitoris is the erectile tissue of the female reproductive system

 

2.            The uterus is located anterior to the bladder

 

3.            rogesterone is produced endometrium

 

4.            Ovulation occurs twice a during the ovarian cycle

 

•  Question 4 Which of the following statements is true of ovulation?

 

1.            It is caused by the surge of the hormone follicle stimulating hormone

 

2.            The corpus luteum surrounds the ovulated oocyte and accompanies it through the uterine tube

 

3.            The primary oocyte is released from the ovary

 

4.            It happens on day 14 of a 28-day cycle

 

•  Question 5 Which of the following statements is true of the penis?

 

1.            The erectile tissues are only found in the glans region of the penis

 

2.            The urethra is surrounded by an erectile tissue

 

3.            The anterior portion of the urethra is removed during a circumcision

 

4.            It glands that produce male hormones

 

•  Question 6 Which of the following statements is true of the epididymis?

 

1.            Contains interstitial (Leydig) cells that produce testosterone

 

2.            Sperm are stored within the tail of the epididymis for a maximum of 72 hours

 

3.            Located on the anterior aspect of each testicle

 

4.            As sperm pass through it, they maturate

 

•  Question 7 The follicular phase of the ovarian cycle:

 

1.            Involves a surge of estrogen secretion

 

2.            Involves activity of the corpus luteum

 

3.            Lasts from day 14-28

 

4.            Involves inhibition of testosterone secretion

 

•  Question 8 Which of the following structures is released from an ovary during ovulation?

 

1.            Luteinizing hormone

 

2.            Ovum

 

3.            Primordial follicle

 

4.            Corpus luteum

 

•  Question 9 Which of the following structures is located most anteriorly on a female body?

 

1.            Mons pubis

 

2.            Vaginal opening

 

3.            Urethral orifice

 

4.            Clitoris

 

•  Question 10 A female will develop over a million mature follicles in her lifetime.

 

True

 

False

 

•  Question 11 Which of the following statements is true of the male reproductive system?

 

1.            The interstitial (Leydig) assist in sperm formation

 

2.            The testes are temperature sensitive for optimal sperm production

 

3.            There is only one spermatic cord that enters the scrotum

 

4.            The majority content of semen is sperm

 

•  Question 12 Which of the following statements is true of the vagina?

 

1.            The vaginal orifice is found within the vestibule

 

2.            Contains glands that lubricates the vagina

 

3.            It has a slightly basic pH

 

4.            The vagina is located anterior to the bladder

 

•  Question 13

 

Gametes are diploid and include the sperm cells and egg cells.

 

True

 

False

 

•  Question 14 Which of the following hormones is released from the corpus luteum?

 

1.            Follicle Stimulating Hormone

 

2.            Progesterone

 

3.            Estrogen

 

4.            Luteinizing Hormone

 

•  Question 15 Which of the following statements is true of the female reproductive system?

 

1.            The endometrium is the outer lining of the uterus

 

2.            The uterus produces estrogen

 

3.            The uterus produces progesterone

 

4.            The vagina has an acidic pH

 

•  Question 16

 

Which of the following statements is true of the male duct system?

 

1.            The ejaculatory duct passes through the epididymis

 

2.            The epididymis is found outside of scrotum

 

3.            There are two vas deferens on each side of the body, for a total of 4 tubules

 

4.            The urethra is part of the male reproductive and urinary systems

 

•  Question 17 Which of the following statements is true of the uterus?

 

1.            The perimetrium contracts during delivery to expel the fetus from the body

 

2.            The cervix contains cervical glands that lubricate the vagina

 

3.            Implantation of a fertilized egg occurs within the myometrium

 

4.            The cervix connects the uterus to the uterine tubes

 

•  Question 18 Which of the following statements is true of the seminiferous tubules?

 

1.            The Leydig cells inside of the seminiferous tubules assist sperm production and maturation

 

2.            The cells inside of the seminiferous tubules produce testosterone

 

3.            The cells inside of the seminiferous tubules produce sperm cells

 

4.            They are found in the ductus deferens

 

•  Question 19 The portion of semen that is composed of alkaline fluid that contains fructose and other enzymes is produced by:

 

1.            Seminal vesicles

 

2.            Seminiferous tubules

 

3.            Bulbourethral glands

 

4.            Prostate gland

 

•  Question 20 Which of the following statements is true of the ovarian and uterine cycles?

 

1.            Follicle stimulating hormone influences the endometrium thickness

 

2.            There are multiple follicles that start to develop each month cycle

 

3.            Progesterone secretion stimulates the luteal phase of the uterine cycle

 

4.            A surge in estrogen and progesterone causes ovulation

 

•  Question 21 The menstrual phase of the uterine cycle occurs:

 

1.            When progesterone spikes

 

2.            While the endometrium is thickening

 

3.            From days 6-14 of a 28-day cycle

 

4.            When estrogen and progesterone are at their lowest levels

 

•  Question 22

 

Which of the following structures is responsible for lubricating the urethra before semen is transported through it?

 

1.            Prostate gland

 

2.            Bulbourethral glands

 

3.            Ejaculatory duct

 

4.            Seminal vesicles

 

•  Question 23

 

After ovulation the corpus luteum is formed for the remaining granulosa cells.

 

True

 

False

 

•  Question 24 The majority of semen content is composed of seminal vesicle fluid.

 

True

 

 False

 

•  Question 25 The menstruation phase of the uterine cycle involves the breakdown of the functional layer (stratum functionalis) of the endometrium.

 

True

 

False

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